Nation remembers Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant on his 131st birth anniversary

By Archana Sharma

Today is the 131st birth anniversary of Bharat Ratna Govind Ballabh Pant. He is one of the prominent names in Indian independence struggle and its history, who worked aggressively shaping modern India. Lets us remember his legacy on this day.

Govind Ballabh Pant was born on September 10, 1887 in Khoont, Uttarakhand in a Brahman family. He started his career as a lawyer in Kashipur, and actively campaigned against the British Raj. In 1914, he helped a village council to effectively challenge a law that required locals, known as ‘coolie beggars’, to carry the luggage of travelling British officers for free. After gaining popularity, he entered into politics in 1921, and was elected to the Legislative Assembly of the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh. He was an unstoppable soul and worked passionately for the betterment of the society and freedom struggle.

He organized the famous Salt March in 1930 (inspired by Mahatma Gandhi), for which he was arrested and imprisoned by the British Government.  In 1935, he was elected to the Central Legislative Assembly. He won the respect of the leaders of the Congress with his political skills and soon became deputy leader of the Congress party in the Assembly. In the 1937 election, he was elected unchallenged as the leader of the Congress Party in the United Provinces (present day Uttar Pradesh) and became the first Chief Minister of the United Provinces under the Government of India Act, 1935. As Chief Minister, he brought about several necessary reforms in the State.

In 1939, when India was pulled into the Second World War, several Congress ministers, including Pandit Pant, resigned as a mark of protest. He acted as a tiebreaker between Gandhi’s and Bose’s conflicting approaches to the war. In 1940, he took part in Gandhi’s Satyagraha Movement as a result of which he was imprisoned again.

In 1940, he was arrested for organizing Satyagraha Movement. He got arrested again in the year 1942 for signing the Quit India resolution. It was Jawaharlal Nehru, who pleaded for the release of G.B. Pant.

After signing the Quit India resolution in 1942, he was arrested and was let free in March 1945 after Jawaharlal Nehru his release on grounds of deteriorating health. Later, when the war was over, the British Labour government held elections to the Provisional legislatures, and he emerged as the leader of the Party in United Provinces once again. He became the Chief Minister of the state for the second time continuing even after India’s independence in 1947.

He became the first Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh and operated office from 26 January 1950 to 27 December 1954. Later, in 1955, he was inducted into Jawaharlal Nehru’s cabinet and was made the Union Home Minister. He served in this position till he died in 1961.

Major works of Govind Ballabh Pant

  • As a young lawyer, Pandit Pant successfully campaigned against the British Raj in 1914, by challenging a law against ‘coolie beggars’ to carry the luggage of British officers for free.
  • He was an active participant in both the Non-Cooperation Movement and the Civil Disobedience Movement.
  • After India’s independence, as Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh, he was successful in stabilizing the economic condition of the state. His major contribution to the society was to abolish the Zamindari system, making monogamy compulsory for Hindu men and conferred Hindu women the rights to divorce and inherit ancestral property.
  • As Home Minister, he was successful in re-organising the States along linguistic lines. He established Hindi as an official language of the central government and a few other states.

Awards & Achievements

In 1957, he was awarded India’s highest civilian honor, the Bharat Ratna, for his selfless service to the nation.

Personal Life & Legacy

In 1960, Pandit Govind Ballabh Pant suffered a heart attack. As the then Home Minister of India, he received the best treatment available but his health deteriorated further. After suffering a cerebral stroke he passed away on 7 March 1961, at the age of 74. His son, Krishna Chandra Pant was also a noted politician. His other children were Lakshmi Pant and Pushpa Pant.

About author

TnH Global
TnH Global 4035 posts

Our platform is the most comprehensive, current and accurate content destination for tourism that also offers the opportunity to connect and network with quality buyers and sellers.

Name: TnH Global              Email: admin@tnhglobal.com

You might also like

Travel Trade

Amadeus India supports the travel community during these difficult times

Amadeus tools and solutions such as Amadeus Ticket Changer (ATC) and Auto Refunds are helping its customers manage their queues, refunds and other schedule related changes as quickly as possible. 

Latest

Hilton announces Largest Global Sale Ever

Exceptional Deal Also Available At15 Properties in India. Hilton HHonors Members Receive Up To 25% off On Stays Until December 31, 2016 When Book Directly. Hilton Worldwide announced one of

Prepare, organise for travelling post corona pandemic

By Pradeep Chamaria  In my previous feature, I talked about the consequences of deadly corona or Covid-19  pandemic. I prefer to call it the Traveller’s Pandemic and it has forced us

Aviation

flydubai showcases its first Boeing 737 MAX 8 at the Dubai Airshow

Airline is the first operator in the region to take delivery of the new aircraft type Dubai-based flydubai marks its fifth Dubai Airshow by unveiling its brand-new Boeing 737 MAX

Trending

Tata airlines Vistara and AirAsia India gear up for international runways

Vistara to start flying abroad from July, AirAsia India sets year-end target Around two years after the government made it easier for airlines to fly abroad, two Tata group airlines

Latest

Coimbatore-Bengaluru Uday Express train flagged off

Rajen Gohain, Minister of state for railways recently flagged off the much-awaited Coimbatore-Bengaluru Uday Express train. The double decker airconditioned chair car train, which has mini dining areas, is the first

Latest

Bhutan Visa

Explore Bhutan Visa Information On this page, you will get detailed information about Bhutan Visa and formalities.  Visa Information for the Bhutan Visa Note & Fees Indian nationals willing to

Latest

Learn how to Ski in the birthplace of winter tourism, St. Moritz

Snow-covered slopes sparkling in the sun, and a wide, high valley, bewitching in its multifaceted beauty, the glamorous St. Moritz, embedded in the inspiring Engadin valley, is a snow-sports paradise. Ski enthusiasts have

Latest

‘The Pride and Glory of Bali Yatra’ book launched at the Embassy of Indonesia, Delhi

‘Rediscovering India International Of Yore’, an initiative of Resource Indica : Roots & Revelations, In collaboration with the Embassy of the republic of Indonesia, New Delhi, presented ‘The Pride And

Trends

BLESS Collection Hotels pioneers Hedonistic Luxury to introduce exquisite experiences for luxury travellers

From a butler to choose the scent, texture and properties of soap and bath salts every day to gourmet meals by world’s best Michelin Star chefs, BLESS experiences are about

Latest

Changi Airport is named the World’s Best Airport for the fifth consecutive year

Changi Airport Singapore achieved great success at the 2017 World Airport Awards, being voted by air travellers as the World’s Best Airport for the fifth consecutive year. Changi Airport also

Government

Airlines run out of flight numbers, DGCA warns safety at risk

The boom in aviation in India has given rise to a peculiar problem — airlines are running out of flight numbers. With a growing number of flights and too few

0 Comments

No Comments Yet!

You can be first to comment this post!